2b. The law also provides that an eye that has a visual field limitation such that the widest diameter of the field of vision has an angle not exceeding 20 degrees is considered an eye with a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less. (See 2.00A6 for visual field test requirements.) The basics of self-care include hygiene, grooming, and dressing. For the legally blind, the effective performance of these tasks requires foresight, labelling and organization of products, clothing and personal effects. Certain strategies are also needed to perform tasks such as brushing your teeth. Shaving; nourishing nails; or put on makeup. Legal blindness is a definition used by the U.S. Social Security Administration to determine a person`s degree of disability and eligibility for social benefits and services. The term is not a functional definition; Instead, it describes a person`s numerical scores on certain vision tests. The Social Security Administration provides benefits to persons who are legally blind through two programs: the Social Security Disability Insurance Program and the Supplementary Security Income Program. The medical criteria for blindness are the same for each program; Other rules are different.
If you have been declared blind under the law, you may be eligible for tax deductions, income exclusions, or credits that the Internal Revenue Service provides to people with disabilities. Each subsection below describes the wording of blindness/disability as it appears in each designated publication of the Internal Revenue Service. An overview and links to these topics can be found in IRS Pub. No. 3966: Living and working with disabilities. Cataract refers to the clouding of the lens in your eye. This causes blurred vision and can make you legally blind. Most cataracts develop with age and your lens deteriorates, but genetic disorders and diabetes can accelerate this process. Children who are legally blind may be provided with a regular school in every school in each state for the visually impaired, as well as additional education and special assistance. The Texas School for the Blind and Visual Impaired maintains a national list of schools and other institutions that support visually impaired high schools in the United States.
Another way of looking at it: if someone with 20/20 vision is standing next to a legally blind person, the legally blind person should approach up to 20 feet to see an object from 200 feet away, as well as the person with normal vision. To be legally blind, you must meet one of two criteria: visual acuity (visual acuity) and field of vision (the full range of what you can see without moving your eyes). If a person with 20/200 vision is legally blind, their field of vision is less than 20 degrees. Being considered legally blind means you can`t drive in any state. Talk to your doctor about your concerns. Professionally trained guide dogs are also of great help to many people who are legally blind, although the cost is much higher and waiting lists can be long to get one. Organizations such as Guide Dogs for the Blind and Guide Dogs of America exist to provide, train, and provide guide dogs free of charge to visually impaired people to improve their mobility and quality of life. Treatments for legal blindness vary depending on the cause and stage of the disease. Age-related eye conditions are usually prescription medications or eye procedures aimed at delaying or preventing vision from getting worse. If you feel that your eyesight – even with a correction – prevents you from driving or working safely, you should consult an ophthalmologist to determine if you are legally blind.
How does the ophthalmology industry test for legal blindness? The SSA formulation most commonly refers to the Snellen ocular chart as the basis for visual acuity tests, but other types of diagrams may also be used, including the Bailey-Lovie diagram and the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study or ETDRS chart. You`ve heard some people say they`re «legally blind» – when in reality they have vision. What does the phrase really mean? If you or someone you love is severely impaired, you should learn the details. Once you start researching legal blindness, the term emerges as part of a broad and narrowly calibrated spectrum of visual impairment. Specific safe cooking techniques can be found at VisionAware, from chopping and peeling fruits and vegetables, to measuring and pouring liquids, cooking and analyzing food for their skill. And once the food is cooked and on the table, various feeding techniques such as navigating a place and locating the food on a plate can make a meal more enjoyable for people who are legally blind. The SSI program is based on financial need and is designed to help low-income individuals and families. For SSI disability and blindness payments, you do not need to have worked, but your monthly income and resources must be less than a certain amount. Your eligibility for SSI benefits depends on both your income and your means. A person with normal peripheral vision has a maximum side field of view with an angle of nearly 180 degrees, which means that distant objects directly to the right or left of the person are visible at the same time. The normal human vertical field of vision is not as wide as the lateral field; Instead, it encompasses an angle of about 135 degrees, which means that objects directly above our heads and at our feet are not visible to us at the same time. If visual field tests reveal that your peripheral vision is severely limited to only 20 degrees (out of the 180 degrees possible laterally or 135 degrees vertically), you will be considered legally blind by the SSA.
This restricted field of view is often referred to as tunnel vision and functionally limits your vision – even though you can read the 20/20 line on an eyechart. Exercise is another fundamental health and fitness necessity. People with visual impairments can participate in almost any form of exercise and sport, with the permission of doctors and ophthalmologists, and sometimes with modifications or assistive devices. The flexibility, balance, sensory development, mobility, and confidence that accompany regular exercise can be especially beneficial for blind people. A thorough understanding of legal blindness and related regulations can make it easier for people who are legally blind and their lawyers to navigate government programs designed to provide assistance. It can also help others understand the concerns and problems that people who are legally blind face every day.